In Germany, climate research is largely funded by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) and the German Research Foundation (DFG). The BMBF's support is provided as project support in research programmes or as basic funding provided to institutions -- in part, with co-financing by one or more Federal States ("Länder"). In the institutional sector, climate research is supported via various institutes within the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres (HGF), and via institutions of the Max Planck Society (MPG), Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft (FhG) and the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Science Association (WGL). DFG usually funds knowledge-oriented research without stipulation of topics, using a range of funding programmes or instruments. In addition, various other ministries play roles as well, within their area of responsibility, e. g. through supporting departmental research into climate protection and adaptation to climate change.
Many of the research organisations are also involved in routine, operational observation and international measurement networks for atmospheric and oceanic observation. Germany is also the largest partner in all European satellite programmes of ESA, the EU and EUMETSAT that are of relevance to climate monitoring and uses its own satellites to observe the climate system as part of its national space programme. A national GCOS co-ordinator position has been established within the DWD to liaise between the relevant national institutions and organisations and the global GCOS programme. DLR runs the World Data Centre for Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere (WDC-RSAT) The central point of access to the "Geodata Infrastructure Germany" (GDI-DE) is the portal GeoPortal.Bund, which has been developed, and is operated, by the Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG) under commission to the Federal Government's "Interministerial Committee for Geoinformation" (IM AGI). In Hamburg, a German High Performance Computing Centre for Climate- and Earth System Research (DKRZ) is run by MPG-M, HZG, AWI and the University of Hamburg.
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