Dust Storms Assessment for the development of user-oriented Climate Services in Northern Africa, Middle East and Europe

Lead PI Basart Sara, BSC, Spain



Research Performing agencies   BSC, AEMET, FMI, CNRS, CNR-DTA


Sand and dust storms (SDS) are an important threat for life, health, property, environment and economy in many countries, and play a significant role in different aspects of weather, climate and atmospheric chemistry. There is an increasing need to be prepared for SDS and to mitigate their impacts. In this context, DustClim will make a significant step forward in the way SDS affects society. In alignment with the mission of the WMO Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System, the objectives of DustClim are to produce and deliver an advanced and thoroughly evaluated dust regional model reanalysis for Northern Africa, Middle East and Europe covering the satellite era of quantitative aerosol information, and to develop dust-related services tailored to specific applications. The novelties of the DustClim reanalysis include an unprecedented high resolution, the assimilation of satellite products over dust source regions with specific observational constraints for dust, and a thorough evaluation using a wide variety of observations and data from experimental campaigns. There is currently a very limited integration of dust information into practice and policy. The reanalysis will provide reliable information on SDS trends and current conditions that will be used in pilot studies to assess dust impacts upon three key economic sectors (air quality, aviation and solar energy). Since the beginning of the project there will be a continuous feedback between the scientific teams and the main user communities. This collaboration will be fundamental for better defining the dust parameters to be investigated and to optimize the provision of dust services.