Second day of the Summer School covered a diverse range of topics such as greenhouse gases and their radiative forcing with examples of GHG data series, water vapour, aerosols and radiation observation programmes at the Izana supersite, transport models and inversion of GHG Surface emission fluxes presented by Emilio Cuevas Agulio, Agencia Estatal de Meteorología (AEMET) which is also a partner of the ERA4CS project. Another presenter from AEMET Ernesto Rodriguez informed about the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) programme of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) which promotes systematic and reliable observations of the global atmospheric environment, WMO infrastructure for operational climate predictions, how to use the global seasonal climate update, the Global Framework for Climate Services, creation of MedSCOPE providing prototypes of climate services products for the Mediterranean region.
Jesus San Miguel, Joint Research Centre - European Forest Fire Information System (JRC-EFFIS) talked about the use of Climate Services in monitoring wildfires in Europe, the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) at the global scale - the Global Wildfire Information System (GWIS) and the next steps to implement seasonal fire danger forecasts, create database of active fire/burnt area regimes, data access services for specific country regions etc. Rosa Lasaponara, the Coordinator of the ERA4CS project SERV-FORFIRE explained the main objectives and activities of the project "Integrated services and approaches for Assessing effects of climate change and extreme events for fire and post fire risk prevention" offering Climate Services for fire monitoring.
Scientific (big) data management tools for scientific data analysis and frameworks for climate change analytics were presented by Alessandro D'Anca, the Euro-Mediterranean Centre on Climate Change (CMCC). There are available Climate data analysis and visualisation tools - CDO, NCL, NCO, Panoply, Scientific Data Service - OPeNDAP, THREDDS and Big data analytics framework for e-Science - OPHIDIA.
Cristina Ananasso from the European Commission informed about the Copernicus programme and its evaluation, Horizon 2020 new opening calls and Horizon Europe - the new EU Research &Innovation programme (2021-2027) as well as EU Space programme.
Round table discussions were held with the teacher Luca Lucantini from Instituto Superiore di Sanita (ISS) Water Quality and Health Department of the ISS, after his presentation "Italian Climate and Health country profile" answering the question why health specialists are interested in climate.
The impacts of climate change on health rose a lot of attention among the participants, a topic that is getting more in more in the focus also at international level following recent publications by the WHO. The question went back to what was presented in the first day on environmental psychology and the relation between human behaviour and the environment and vice versa. Professor Lucentini concluded with the little surprising statement that what is good for the health is also often good for the climate and vice versa, like walking, cycling etc.