The vision of ERA4CS Summer School Climate Services from the users' perspective is to find a common language on climate services for the projects as well as sharing the latest climate services resources. Early career researchers from the ERA4CS funded projects and other PhD students attended the first day of the school on 10 of September 2018 in Pisa, Italy. The school brought together the academic community with the people who will deliver action on the ground. Participants were welcomed with a speech by the host Rosa Lasaponara, the Italian National Research Council (CNR) inviting them to learn, share knowledge, ideas and experience. Petra Manderscheid from the JPI Climate Central Secretariat presented the JPI Climate and ERA4CS main tasks and initiatives and stressed the need for much deeper involvement of young people in climate action.
Marino Bonaiuto from the Sapienza University of Roma explained how environment affects people and how people affect the environment in two research lines developed to increase adaptation and mitigation, with examples from studies on school green breaks and hospitals, understanding of perception links with residential place and evacuation site place attachment and communication efficacy by strengthening people’s attitudes. Climate models as a tool to present the climate system, scenario projections and data management were presented by Enrico Scoccimarro, of the Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC). Folmer Krikken from Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute talked about the changes in extremes, climate model projections vs observed trends and pathways in extreme events, what is the attribution considering also whether the event was caused due to climate change or whether human influence has been the dominant cause.
A thematic discussion highlighted the most urgent needs regarding communication between researchers and non-technical audiences in simplifying the message for society, to involve even more people in weather observation, to use climate services in changing attitudes starting from primary school level, working in close cooperation with stakeholders and end-users, providing them with tools and explanations, what each individual can do.
While many of us are already doing this, including funders, users and stakeholders, it will take further science, investment, legislation and political will to create the vital cultural change.